One team went up to Fassu-ah Ridge fort with a Jordanian colleague to re-assess the evidence on the ground. It now seem s likely that the structures visible date to the thirteenth to 15th centuries AD, and are related to traditional uses of the routeway for pilgrimage and trade at the time. The fort then fell into disuse, being replaced by a 16th Century Ottoman fort about 5 km to the north, only to be re-occupied by late Ottoman troops during the Arab Revolt.
A smaller team continued west along the ridge and located several further Ottoman camps and structures including 15 to 20 tent rings. Evidence for Coal burning and a possible large oven were located. Further exploration to the north revealed another Ottoman tent camp with two rows of tent rings and possible observation and machine gun posts.
Meanwhile, on the main excavation site, the excavation of tent rings continued with large numbers of finds, but we had great difficulty in identifying the actual original living floors. Work continues.
It has become clear that the northern part of Batn Al Ghoul camp is separate from the southern part, and may therefore represent two separate phases of use. Certainly our metal detectorists have found much larger quantities of Otto military buttons on this site, bu little else – in contrast to the variety in the North area.
Very few expended munitions have been found among over 200 metal finds. Was Batn Al Ghoul never attacked during the revolt?